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Jan 282013
 
A horse who is sore in the triceps muscle will be off or lame in the extended trot.

A horse who is sore in the triceps muscle will be off or lame in the extended trot.

What signs and symptoms does a horse exhibit when experiencing triceps brachii muscle dysfunction?

  • When at rest the horse stands with knee bent, keeps weight off affected side
  • May be lame at an extended trot
  • Stride is shortened
  • Horse will jump flat, may hang a leg

Where is the triceps brachii muscle located?

The triceps brachii is a superficial (top) layer muscle. It attaches the shoulder blade (scapula) to the elbow  (olecranon) and the elbow to the upper leg bone (humerus).

What movements are attributed to the triceps brachii muscle?

  • Allows the shoulder joint to bend (flexes)
  • Straightens (extends) and locks the elbow joint

Activities that cause triceps brachii muscle pain and symptoms in the horse:

  • Gaited horses often have triceps soreness
  • Thoroughbred racehorses, event horses and steeplechase horses often have problems with the triceps muscle


How Can Equine Massage Therapy Help With Triceps Brachii Symptoms?

Massage therapy can help with triceps brachii muscle pain and symptoms by releasing two primary stress points, one located at the back of the shoulder, and the other near the elbow. The muscle is checked for tender points, then worked to relieve additional tension. Gentle stretching of the shoulder and front legs will encourage the triceps muscle to return to its normal state.


Recommended Books About Horse Anatomy

Learn Equine Anatomy

Clinical Anatomy of the Horse will guide you in learning about the anatomy of the horseIf you are someone who wants to understand your horse inside out, this book is for you! Clinical Anatomy Of The Horse  is the most comprehensive visual equine anatomy book on the market. Images are not diagrams, they are pictures taken while examining live horses and photos of autopsies performed immediately after death. The photos are very graphic so viewer be warned. But if the site of a dissected body does not bother you, I highly recommend this book. It will give you a visual map of the anatomy and physiology of your horse

Discover How The Skeleton and Muscles Move When Your Horse Is In Motion

How Your Horse Moves helps you understand how groups of muscles work together for movement.
How Your Horse Moves: A visual guide to improving performance, should be in the library of everyone who rides and takes care of horses. Author Gillian Higgins paints the skeleton and muscles on live horses with amazing precision. The photos allow you to not only see exactly how your horse’s bone structure is put together but also shows how the muscles move as the horse is in motion. Ms. Higgins also provides information about the skeletal bones, easy to understand information about muscle and soft tissue bio-mechanics explanations of movement, a trouble shooting guide and simple but effective stretches for not only your horse but you too! If you are an equine massage therapist, physical therapist, or chiropractor, this book is a must have.

Learn Basic Equine Massage Techniques To Help Your Horse

Learn basic equine massage techniques and the theory behind equine massage
The Basic Principles of Equine Massage/Muscle Therapy is book for those who want to learn to help their horse with basic massage techniques. The first part of the book explains massage theory and equine anatomy in an easy to understand format. The next section of the book is a pictorial of Mike Scott working on a horse. Mike shows which technique to use, placement of hands and gives an idea of how much pressure to apply. The book ends with sections on stretching your horse and proper saddle fitting. Though the book is geared to beginners, professional equine massage therapist will glean knowledge and tips. This is a good book for beginners and a great reference book for the experienced equine bodyworker.


Anatomy Study: Origin, Insertion, Action and Innervation of the Triceps Brachii Muscle of the Horse:

The triceps brachii has 3 different heads (connections)

Long Head

  • Origin: The posterior border of the scapula.
  • Insertion:  The outer and posterior part of the summit of the olecranon.
  • Action:  To extend the elbow joint, to flex the shoulder joint.
  • Innervation:  Radial nerve

External Head

  • Origin: The deltoid tuberosity and the curved rough line which extends from it to the neck of the humerus.
  • Insertion:  (1) A small prominent area on the outer surface of the olecranon;  (2) the tendon of the long head.
  • Action:  To extend the elbow joint
  • Innervation:  Radial nerve

Internal Head

  • Origin: The middle third of the inner surface of the shaft of the humerus, behind and below the internal tubercle.
  • Insertion:  The inner and fore part of the summit of the olecranon, between the insertion of the long head and the origin of the ulnar head of the flexor perforans.
  • Action:  To extend the elbow joint
  • Innervation:  Radial nerve


Jan 282013
 
The equine infraspinatus muscle connects the horse's shoulder blade to the upper leg bone.

Horses who show lameness in the shoulder and buckling knees may have pain in the infraspinatus.

What signs and symptoms does a horse exhibit when experiencing infraspinatus muscle dysfunction?

  • Horse stands with the front leg bent at the knee, keeps weight off affected side
  • Shortened stride
  • Lameness in the shoulder

Where is the infraspinatus muscles located?

  • The infraspinatus attaches the shoulder blade (scapula) to the bone in the upper leg (humerus).

What movements are attributed to the infraspinatus muscle?

  • Moves the shoulder forward (extension).
  • Bending of the shoulder joint (flexion)
  • Moves the leg to the outside as in a sidepass (abduction).
  • Plays an important role in prevention of dislocation of the shoulder.

Activities that cause infraspinatus muscle pain and symptoms in the horse:

  • Landing when jumping (jumpers, eventers, steeplechase)
  • Side to side movements  (dressage horse, cutting horses, reining horses, work cow horses)


How Can Equine Massage Therapy Help With Infraspinatus Symptoms?

Massage therapy can help with infraspinatus muscle pain and symptoms by releasing stress points  near where the muscle (tendon) connects to the bone. The muscle is then worked to relieve additional tension. Gentle stretching of the shoulder and front legs muscles will encourage the infraspinatus to return to its normal state.


Recommended Books About Horse Anatomy

Learn Equine Anatomy

Clinical Anatomy of the Horse will guide you in learning about the anatomy of the horseIf you are someone who wants to understand your horse inside out, this book is for you! Clinical Anatomy Of The Horse  is the most comprehensive visual equine anatomy book on the market. Images are not diagrams, they are pictures taken while examining live horses and photos of autopsies performed immediately after death. The photos are very graphic so viewer be warned. But if the site of a dissected body does not bother you, I highly recommend this book. It will give you a visual map of the anatomy and physiology of your horse

Discover How The Skeleton and Muscles Move When Your Horse Is In Motion

How Your Horse Moves helps you understand how groups of muscles work together for movement.
How Your Horse Moves: A visual guide to improving performance, should be in the library of everyone who rides and takes care of horses. Author Gillian Higgins paints the skeleton and muscles on live horses with amazing precision. The photos allow you to not only see exactly how your horse’s bone structure is put together but also shows how the muscles move as the horse is in motion. Ms. Higgins also provides information about the skeletal bones, easy to understand information about muscle and soft tissue bio-mechanics explanations of movement, a trouble shooting guide and simple but effective stretches for not only your horse but you too! If you are an equine massage therapist, physical therapist, or chiropractor, this book is a must have.

Learn Basic Equine Massage Techniques To Help Your Horse

Learn basic equine massage techniques and the theory behind equine massage
The Basic Principles of Equine Massage/Muscle Therapy is book for those who want to learn to help their horse with basic massage techniques. The first part of the book explains massage theory and equine anatomy in an easy to understand format. The next section of the book is a pictorial of Mike Scott working on a horse. Mike shows which technique to use, placement of hands and gives an idea of how much pressure to apply. The book ends with sections on stretching your horse and proper saddle fitting. Though the book is geared to beginners, professional equine massage therapist will glean knowledge and tips. This is a good book for beginners and a great reference book for the experienced equine bodyworker.


Anatomy Study: Origin, Insertion, Action and Innervation of the Infraspinatus Muscle if the Horse:

  • Origin: The infraspinatus fossa and scapular cartilage and spine
  • Insertion:  Fleshy on greater tubercle of humerus, strong tendon to lateral surface of the greater tubercle distal to lateral insertion of supraspinatus
  • Action: Extends and flexes the shoulder joint, substitutes as a ligament to prevent dislocation of the shoulder.
  • Innervation: Suprascapular Nerve

 



Jan 272013
 
The supraspinatus muscle connects the shoulder blade to the upper leg bone in the horse.

Pain in the supraspinatus muscle will cause a horse to stand with the knee bent and will appear as shoulder lameness.

What signs and symptoms does a horse exhibit when experiencing supraspinatus muscle dysfunction?

  • Horse stands with the front leg bent at the knee, keeps weight off affected side
  • Shortened stride
  • Lameness in the shoulder

Where is the supraspinatus muscles located?

  • The supraspinatus attaches the shoulder blade (scapula) to the bone in the upper leg (humerus).

What movements are attributed to the supraspinatus muscle?

  • Moves the shoulder joint forward (extension).
  • Moves the leg to the outside as in a sidepass (abduction).
  • Plays an important role in prevention of dislocation of the shoulder.

Activities that cause supraspinatus muscle pain and symptoms in the horse:

  • Landing when jumping (jumpers, eventers, steeplechase)
  • Side to side movements (cutting horses, reining horses, work cow horses)


How Can Equine Massage Therapy Help With Supraspinatus Symptoms?

Massage therapy can help with supraspinatus muscle pain and symptoms by releasing  stress points  near where the muscle (tendon) connects to the bone. The muscle is then worked to relieve additional tension. Gentle stretching of the shoulder and front legs muscles will encourage the supraspinatus to return to it’s normal state.


Recommended Books About Horse Anatomy

Learn Equine Anatomy

Clinical Anatomy of the Horse will guide you in learning about the anatomy of the horseIf you are someone who wants to understand your horse inside out, this book is for you! Clinical Anatomy Of The Horse  is the most comprehensive visual equine anatomy book on the market. Images are not diagrams, they are pictures taken while examining live horses and photos of autopsies performed immediately after death. The photos are very graphic so viewer be warned. But if the site of a dissected body does not bother you, I highly recommend this book. It will give you a visual map of the anatomy and physiology of your horse

Discover How The Skeleton and Muscles Move When Your Horse Is In Motion

How Your Horse Moves helps you understand how groups of muscles work together for movement.
How Your Horse Moves: A visual guide to improving performance, should be in the library of everyone who rides and takes care of horses. Author Gillian Higgins paints the skeleton and muscles on live horses with amazing precision. The photos allow you to not only see exactly how your horse’s bone structure is put together but also shows how the muscles move as the horse is in motion. Ms. Higgins also provides information about the skeletal bones, easy to understand information about muscle and soft tissue bio-mechanics explanations of movement, a trouble shooting guide and simple but effective stretches for not only your horse but you too! If you are an equine massage therapist, physical therapist, or chiropractor, this book is a must have.

Learn Basic Equine Massage Techniques To Help Your Horse

Learn basic equine massage techniques and the theory behind equine massage
The Basic Principles of Equine Massage/Muscle Therapy is book for those who want to learn to help their horse with basic massage techniques. The first part of the book explains massage theory and equine anatomy in an easy to understand format. The next section of the book is a pictorial of Mike Scott working on a horse. Mike shows which technique to use, placement of hands and gives an idea of how much pressure to apply. The book ends with sections on stretching your horse and proper saddle fitting. Though the book is geared to beginners, professional equine massage therapist will glean knowledge and tips. This is a good book for beginners and a great reference book for the experienced equine bodyworker.


Anatomy Study: Origin, Insertion, Action and Innervation of the Supraspinatus Muscle of the horse:

  • Origin: The supraspinous fossa and the spine of the scapula
  • Insertion:  The lesser and greater tubercles of the humerus.
  • Action: Extends the shoulder, abduction and substitutes as a ligament to prevent dislocation of the shoulder.
  • Innervation: Suprascapular Nerve

Note: Biceps tendon of origin passes between the two insertion tendons of the supraspinatus.